Indian Classical Dance is one of the most comprehensive and oldest dance forms in the world. Most of the development of Indian dance is linked to the 2nd century B.C. treatise. This treatise, Bharata’s Natyashastra, is the most important source for establishing the characteristics of Indian dance and drama. The Natyashastra lays down two aspects of dance Nritta- pure dance and Nitrya- interpretative dance. Nritta is the expression of rhythmic movement primarily through use of the hands and feet often in specific poses. Nritya uses gestures and facial expressions to show the poetic or emotional meaning while combining rhythmic gaits and postures.

India offers a number of classical dance forms, each of which can be traced to different parts of the country. Each dance form represents the culture of a particular region or group of people. The most famous classical dance forms are Bharatnatyam of Tamilnadu, Kathakali and Mohiniyattam of Kerala, Odissi of Orissa, Kathak of Uttar Pradesh, Kuchipudhi of Andhra Pradesh and Manipuri of Manipur.

Types of Classical Dance: Bharatnatyam Dance, Kathak Dance, Orissi Dance, Kuchipudi Dance, Chhau Dance.